Elizabeth Lawrence House
Elizabeth Lawrence (1904-1985) is an internationally known garden writer. She is regarded as one of three preeminent figures in the horticultural history of the southeast, sharing this short list with Thomas Jefferson and J.C. Raulston. She is also listed among the top twenty-five gardeners of all time. The work that she did while gardening, writing and designing at her home in Charlotte, North Carolina, contributed greatly to that status.
After graduating from Barnard College in New York City, Elizabeth Lawrence went back to school and became the first female graduate of the very first Landscape Architecture program at State College (now North Carolina State University).
Miss Lawrence was already an award-winning author and practicing landscape architect when she moved from Raleigh to Charlotte in 1948. The following year, she started her new garden – a well-designed, dynamic “living laboratory” – where she tested a dizzying variety of plants to find out what grows well in the middle south. Miss Lawrence’s trials provided constant inspiration for her writings for the next 35 years. She wrote six manuscripts, numerous articles for various regional and national publications, and over 700 columns for the Charlotte Observer. All of her books, as well as compilations of her writings, correspondence, and biography, are available for purchase on-site.
The Garden in Charlotte
This modest property (just 70’ x 225’) features an amazing array of plants – at least 60% still original to Miss Lawrence – with something in bloom every day of the year. The Elizabeth Lawrence House and Garden is a recognized local historic landmark by the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Historic Landmarks Commission, is part of the Smithsonian Institute’s Archives of American Gardens, and is listed in the National Park Service’s National Register of Historic Places. The property is a Preservation Partner of The Garden Conservancy, a national organization dedicated to the preservation of significant American gardens.
In 2008, the property was purchased by the Wing Haven Foundation from Mary Lindemann “Lindie” Wilson, who owned and lovingly rehabilitated the garden for nearly 23 years. Thanks to Lindie’s incredible stewardship, at least 60% of the plant material is still original to Miss Lawrence. The Elizabeth Lawrence House and Garden is now open to the public as a horticultural and historic resource, and is maintained in Elizabeth Lawrence’s spirit – as a vibrant, dynamic, and undeniably inspiring “living laboratory”.
The iconic entry gate, the pool, stone walls and columns have been restored, pathways and steps have been stabilized, drainage issues addressed, and new interpretive signs added to the garden.
Working closely with The Garden Conservancy (a national organization dedicated to saving and sharing outstanding American gardens) to develop a plan for the management of the garden, Wing Haven will maintain the property as a horticultural learning center containing many unique specimens of woody plants, perennials, and bulbs. The key structural elements form the background of a garden that functions as a dynamic site rather than a museum.
Plant restoration is actively underway. Using Lawrence’s writings as a resource, many of her favorite plants are being reintroduced in her garden.
Elizabeth Lewis Lawrence is born on May 27 in Marietta, Georgia, the first daughter of Elizabeth Bradenbaugh Lawrence and Samuel Lawrence.
Ann Lawrence, Elizabeth’s sister, is born on March 31 in Marietta, Georgia
Lawrence Family moves to Garysburg, NC
Lawrence Family moves to Raleigh, NC
Lawrence attends St. Mary’s School (Junior College) in Raleigh, NC
Lawrence graduates with a B.A. from Barnard College in New York City, NY, returns to Raleigh, NC.
Lawrence is first female to graduate with a B.S. in Landscape Architecture from North Carolina State College.
Lawrence begins work as a published author – her article, A Good Flower Show Exhibit, appears in Garden Gossip.
Lawrence writes two poetry manuscripts: Piper, Pipe A Song andLove Itself Shall Slumber On
House & Garden publishes Lawrence’s article 21 Plant Facts for Gardeners in the Middle South, which becomes basis for her first non-poetry manuscript.
Samuel Lawrence passes.
A Southern Garden, A Handbook for the Middle South is published by the University of North Carolina Press. The book, the first of its kind, is immediately lauded.
Lawrence is the first female awarded the Herbert Medal, the highest honor given by the Amaryllis Society (now the International Bulb Society).
1943 issue of Herbertia is dedicated to Lawrence, includes a short autobiography, and a review by the editor, Dr. Hamilton Traub, of A Southern Garden.
Lawrence receives Award for Horticultural Achievement from the National Council of State Garden Clubs for A Southern Garden
Lawrence and Bessie move to Charlotte, NC, to be closer to Ann. Lawrence designs and begins building her home on a modest lot on Ridgewood Avenue in Charlotte, NC.
Lawrence begins designing and installing her new garden.
Lawrence begins writing a weekly column “Through the Garden Gate” for The Charlotte Observer. She continues writing for the newspaper for 14 years.
Lawrence’s second manuscript, The Little Bulbs, is published by Criterion Books.
Lawrence’s third manuscript, Gardens in Winter, is published by Harper.
October 27, 1961: Lawrence receives a citation from the American Horticultural Society for her “important contributions to horticulture”
Lawrence is the keynote speaker at the 8th annual convention of the American Daffodil Society
Bessie Lawrence passes.
Lawrence is named Honorary Life Member in the Louisiana Society for Horticultural Research.
Lawrence donates her fourth manuscript, Lob’s Wood, to the Cincinnati Nature Center.
Lawrence receives Award of Merit from The American Rock Garden Society
Lawrence survives a heart attack in January. In poor health, Lawrence moves to Annapolis, MD, to be close to her niece.
Lawrence property is purchased by James Sommers.
On June 11, Lawrence passes in Annapolis, MD.
Mary Lindemann (“Lindie”) Wilson purchases property from James Sommers, begins addition to house and renovation of garden.
Lawrence’s fifth manuscript,Gardening for Love: the Market Bulletins, is edited by Allen Lacy and published by Duke University Press.
Lawrence’s sixth manuscript, A Rock Garden in the South, is edited by Nancy Goodwin and Allen Lacy, and is published by Duke University Press.
Lindie Wilson convenes group to explore various preservation strategies to promote legacy of Elizabeth Lawrence through the preservation of her Charlotte house and garden; group establishes as “The Friends of Elizabeth Lawrence”.
The Elizabeth Lawrence House and Garden is entered into the Archives of American Gardens with the Smithsonian Institute.
January 2006: the Elizabeth Lawrence House and Garden is designated a Local Historic Landmark by the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Historic Landmarks Commission.
September 2006: The Elizabeth Lawrence House and Garden is entered in the National Park Service’s National Register of Historic Places.
Endowment is donated by Lindie Wilson for a conservation easement on the property. The easement, held by the Garden Conservancy, is granted to protect the house and the garden.
Wilson sells property to the Wing Haven Foundation to promote Lawrence’s educational, environmental, cultural, historical and literary legacy.